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Last edited by Dave Showers Jan 3, 2013 HistoryOfLacrosse

 

  History of Lacrosse Timeline 
Down Memory Lane  by Stan Shiilington
 

 A Lacrosse Timeline

   Year
   Events
Additional Resouces
? -  ? Ball and Stick game played by Nations of the interior of British Columbia

Society of North American Hockey Historians and Researchers

~ 1100 
There is evidence that a version of lacrosse originated in Mesoamerica or Mexico as early as  the 1100s

 

 
??

Lacrosse style religious and/or combative events were played in many different parts of North America.  Two of these, "Baggataway" and "Tewaarathon" are perhaps the most documented with Baggataway becoming a recreational game with between 60 and 100 players per side.

 

1636
Jesuit Missionary Jean de Brebeuf documents the game of lacrosse (baggataway) at Georgian Bay, Ontario

 

~ 1630's

There is not much early data on lacrosse and that exists (from missionaries such as French Jesuits in Huron country in the 1630s and later English explorers, such as Jonathan Carver in the mid-eighteenth century Great Lakes area) is often conflicting.


There seems to have been three basic forms of lacrosse — the southeastern, Great Lakes, and Iroquoian.

 

Among southeastern tribes (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, Seminole, Yuchi and others), a double-stick version of the game is still practiced. A two-and-a half foot stick is held in each hand, and the soft, small deerskin ball is retrieved and cupped between them.

 

Great Lakes players used a single three-foot stick. terminating  in a round, closed pocket about three to four inches in diameter, only a little larger than the ball., In this game, the ball was usually made of wood, charred and scraped to shape.

 

The northeastern stick, found among Iroquoian and New England tribes, is the progenitor of all present-day sticks, both in box as well as field lacrosse.  The stick for this game was typically more than three feet long and—the shaft ended with  a crook which supported a flat triangular surface of webbing .

 

1718

Participation of French in lacrosse games noted in great lakes region:

 

Near present day Detroit, Monsieur de Sabrevois, commandant of Fort Pontchartrain, penned a description of the region in 1718. Referring to the Potawatomi village located near the fort, he wrote:

In summer they play a great deal at la crosse, twenty or more on each side. Their bat [crosse] is a sort of small racket, and the ball with which they Play is of very Heavy wood, a little larger than the balls we use in Tennis. ...

All this is very diverting and interesting to behold. Often one Village Plays against another, the poux [Potawatomi] against the outaouacs [Ottawa] or the hurons, for very considerable prizes. The French frequently take part in these games.

(cited in Lacrosse: Michigan's First Team Sport by  Larry B. Massie as published in Michigan History Magazine, September/October 1997 available online at: LaxRules.com)

1763
Ojibway Indians use baggataway as a cover to enter and capture Fort Michilimackinac

1794 

Match between two native groups results in creation of  a basic set of rules 

 

1834
Caughnawaga Indians demonstrate the sport at St. Pierre  to a large crowd of Montreal spectators and the game is reported by the newspaper.

Chaughnawaga - Down Memory Lane story by Stan Shillington

1842
First Montreal Olympic Athletic club lacrosse team.

1843
First lacrosse game between Indians and non-Indian teams

1844
Montreal's Olympic Club organized a team in 1844, specifically to play a match against a Native American team. Similar games were played in 1848 and 1851.

 

1856
The first step toward turning lacrosse into a genuinely organized, modern sport came when the Montreal Lacrosse Club, founded in 1856, developed the first written rules.

 

1858 

 

Photograph
Lacrosse team, Montreal, QC, 1858

1859

Parliament proclaimed  lacrosse as the national game of the Dominion of Canada

 

1860

Dr. W. George Beers published first Canadian literature on lacrosse play:

The Game of Lacrosse

He also published the first set of lacrosse rules in which the first team to score 3 goals won the match



Grand lacrosse match in honour of Prince of Wales' visit.  Combined Montreal and Beaver Clubs vs Caughnawaga and St. Regis Indians


Montreal Lacrosse Club merged with Hochelaga Club to form Lacrosse Club of Montreal


Probably the first lacrosse game of 12 players per side sawThe Beaver play the Young Torontos club

1862
Ottawa Lacrosse Club Formed

1866 

November 24, the Montreal Lacrosse Club beats the Chuawanaga Indians in three successive games to win the Canadian Lacrosse Championship  

Photograph
The Champion Lacrosse Club (1866), Montreal, QC, 1866
 

1867

Dr. W. George Beers of the MLC rewrote the rules thoroughly in 1867. His rules called for 12 players per team, and named the positions: Goal, point, cover point, first defense, second defense, third defense, centre, third attack, second attack, first attack, out home, and in home.

 

Beers, who is now known as " the father of lacrosse," also replaced the hair-stuffed deerskin ball with a hard rubber ball and designed a stick that was better suited to catching the ball and throwing it accurately.  This code of rules forms the foundation of the modern game of lacrosse. The first game played under Beers' rules was at Upper Canada College in 1867, with Upper Canada College losing to the Toronto Cricket Club by a score of 3–1.


First major lacrosse league formed

Photograph
St. Regis Lacrosse Club (Akwesasne), Montreal, QC, 1867
William Notman (1826-1891)
1867, 19th century

 

Photograph
Montreal Lacrosse Club, QC, 1867
William Notman (1826-1891)
1867, 19th century

 

Photograph
Kahnawake Lacrosse Club, Montreal, QC, 1867

 

First convention of he National Lacrosse Association, was held in Kingston Ontarion where the first uniform code of playing rules were adopted.

Engraving
Emblem of National Lacrosse Association of Canada
John Henry Walker (1831-1899) about 1867, 19th century

 

Captain W.B. Johnson of Montreal toured with a team of Caughnawaga Indians, appearing at Windsor Castle before Queen Victoria, who found the game “very pretty to watch.”

Photograph
Caughnawaga Lacrosse Team with Dr. George Beers & Henry Beckett, about 1867

First Dominion lacrosse title contested;

Montreal Lacrosse club vs Caughnawaga with the winner (Caughnawaga) considered the World Champions



The First lacrosse "trophy" the "Claxton Flags" (officially named the "Champion Lacrosse Flags") were donated by j. Claxton for challenge competition between amateur teams of Montreal.


By November it was estimated that there wer 80 lacrosse clubs with approximately 2,000 players in Canada.

1868

White players in Upstate New York began to play lacrosse about this time and during the 1870's several teams were organized in metropolitan New York. 

 


First internationla lacrosse match between teams of white players; Canadian residents of Buffalo, NY played a team from Prescott Ontario.

 

A New York Times story of July 11th reports that the Mohawk Lacrosse Club (of Troy) and the Senior American Lacrosse Club are to appear in Montreal on the 28th to 'gain some insight' on the game as played in Montreal.

 

 

A New York Times story of August 23rd reports that "The Canada National Game of Lacrosse, which is to be played the coming week on the Capitoline Grounds, is rather difficult to describe. "  Later in the story, it is allowed that the team is composed of "...young gentlemen of respectable families." 

 A partial pdf of the story can be found here.

 

 

Photograph
Crescent Lacrosse Club, Montreal, QC, 1868
William Notman (1826-1891)

 

Photograph
Messrs. Beers and Stevenson playing lacrosse, Montreal, QC, 1868

1869
A Montreal publisher produced the first book on the sport in 1869. Lacrosse: The National Game of Canada was written by Beers and illustrated with posed photos of players by the famous Notman Gallery.

 

 

Men from the Mohawk Nation at Kahnawake (Caughnawaga) were the Canadian Lacrosse Champions in 1869 

Photo 

1870

The New York Times (August 27) reports in "Outdoor Sports" that the Knickerbocker Lacrosse Club of NY faced the Toronto Club in Buffalo.  Toronto took the decisive fifth game after the Knickerbocker club won the 3rd and fourth games to tie the series.

 

 

On November 25th, The New York Times reports that the Knickerbocker Club is the winner of  a tournament to determine the United States Championship

 

 

 

Print
Lacrosse Match Between the Montreal Club and Caughnawaga Indians
Anonyme - Anonymous 1870, 19th century

1871 

 

Photograph
Montreal Lacrosse Club, Montreal, QC, 1871-72
Wm. Notman & Son


Prince Rupert's Lacrosse Club formed: the first in Manitoba

1874
Lacrosse tried on indoor ice in a Montreal rink - the ball bounced so much that players broke $300 worth of windo panes.

1875 

 

Photograph
Dr. Beers and H. Becket, lacrosse player, Montreal, QC, 1875

 

 

A lacrosse ball, with the top and bottom cut off, is the first recorded use of the modern form of the puck in a hockey game - until then rubber balls had been used.

(Montreal on March 3rd, 1875  @ the Victoria Rink)

 


Toronto Lacrosse Club defeated Montreal Shamrocks for NLA championship; this was the first NLA championship by other than a Montreal Team

1876

Captained by Dr. W. G. Beers of Montreal, the honorary president of the National Lacrosse Association of Canada, Montreal Club with Caughnagawa Indians tour England. This tour is said to have started the game in "the old country"

Photograph
Caughnawaga lacrosse team, Montreal, QC, 1876
Notman & Sandham 1876, 19th century

 

Photograph
Home Canadian lacrosse team, Montreal, QC, 1876
Notman & Sandham 1876, 19th century

 

Photograph
Canadian and European Lacrosse Teams in playing positions, composite, Montreal, QC, 1876

 

Queen Victoria watched and "endorses" a lacrosse game in Windsor, England and is quoted as noting  "The game is very pretty to watch."

 

 

In April of 1876 the pioneer of lacrosse in Victoria (and Australia as a whole) was a Canadian Lambton L Mount  who had come to theVictorian goldfields  as a fourteen year old with his family in 1853. 

 

In 1875 he was moved to revive his early boyhood memories of lacrosse and thus he wrote to the Australasian Newspaper to announce that he was arranging to import forty lacrosse sticks from Canada and intended to start lacrosse and establish the Melbourne Lacrosse Club. He succeeded and the first practice match of this club took place on 22 June 1876 between 15-20 players at Albert Park.   

 

By 1879, four clubs had been formed with some 120 players. These four clubs Melbourne, Fitzroy, South Melbourne and Carlton formed the Victorian Lacrosse Association in July 1879 for the purpose of coordinating matches and His Excellency, the Govenor of Victoria, The Most Hon G A C Phipps   was the inaugural Patron.

 

1877
New York University and Manhattan College played the first U. S. intercollegiate game on November 22, 1877, and other colleges in the Northeast soon took up the sport, including Boston University, Columbia, Cornell, Harvard, Princeton, and Stevens Institute.

 

1878 

 

Photograph
Lacrosse team, Montreal, QC, 1878 

1879
The U. S. Amateur Lacrosse Association, founded in 1879, adopted the Canadian rules.

 

1880

One of the first night games to be played under the new "Electric Light" was played in August of 1880 at the Shamrock Lacrosse Field in Montreal. In order to help the fans follow what was occurring on the field at night, in a second game the promoters decided to coat the ball with phosphorous. 

(note the more famous first game under lights in Baseball was 50 years later in 1930!)

Engraving
Emblem of Shamrock Lacrosse Club 1850-1885, 19th century
John Henry Walker (1831-1899)

The first Indian Lacrosse World Cahmpionship (professional) held; won by Caughnagawa Indians.


National Lacrosse Association became an amateur organization; Indians (professionals) were barred.

1881
The first intercollegiate tournament is held at Westchester Polo Grounds in New York

 

 

Match held between Montreal Shamrocks and the New York Lacrosse Team for the "Championship of America" 

sketch

Canadian Illustrated News 

1882
Seven colleges formed the first Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association. in the United States

 

 

Lacrosse equipment is available in Edmonton, Alberta

 

 

Philips Exeter Academy (New Hampshire) and the Lawrenceville School (New Jersey) were the USA's first high school teams in 1882.

 

 

 

Photograph
Mr. Polin, lacrosse player, Montreal, QC, 1882 with NLA Championship Banner
Notman & Sandham February 28, 1882, 19th century

 

On a trip to visit the Garry Lacrosse Club of Winnipeg,  the Montreal Lacrosse Club visits Chicago and St. Paul

 

At various times the club acknowledges pleasant memories of "fraternal courtesies" received at various times from the athletes and/citizens of New York, Boston, Portland, Baltimore, Washington, Newport, St. Albans and other places  

 


In 1882 the National Lacrosse Association was renamed the National Amateru Lacrosse Association.

1883

1883 edition of The Boy's Own Paper, contains a report on a three month tour of Great Britain and Ireland by a group of Canadians led by  Dr. W.G. Beers of Montreal. 

 

The tour is said to have given lacrosse "its second wind" with 60 or more clubs now in existence.

The Canadian Lacrossers  from the pages of The English Lacrosse Association's website comes this fascinating glimpse into  how lacrosse came to England ... by way of few visiting 'colonials' including an Iroquois professional team, that was arranged  by Dr. W.G.Beers  of Montreal.

 

Photograph
Canadian lacrosse team, European competitors, Belfast, Ireland, 1883

 

Photograph
Canadian lacrosse team and friends, Queens Hotel, Belfast, Ireland, 1883

 

Photograph
Canadian lacrosse team, European competitors, on board the "Oregon," Belfast Lough, Ireland, 1883 

 

Photograph
Canadian and Kahnawake lacrosse teams, European competitors, Oxford, England, 1883

 

Photograph
Canadian lacrosse team, European competitors, Scarborough, England, 1883

 

Photograph
"Big John" and the Kahnawake lacrosse team, European competitors, Scarborough, England, 1883

 

Photograph
Canadian and Kahnawake lacrosse teams competing at the Zoological Gardens, Clifton, England, 1883 

 

 

 Print
Lacrosse on the Ice, on the Tank at Montreal
Anonyme - Anonymous
1870-1883, 19th century

 

Melbourne University Lacrosse club formed in Australia

 

 

In March, the Edmonton Lacrosse Club was organized but, because of a lack of competition, it disbanded in 1885

 


Lacrosse in Victoria, B.C.

 Lacrosse Team in Victoria is recorded in photo available from the BC Archives. (dated Feb. 19. 1883;  Photographer Spencer and Hastings)

 

Players shown in the photo are:  W. Wadhams, A. Cameron, A.D. Crease, W. and R. McDonald, M. Walker (Captain), R. Finlayson, H. Smith, T. Bryden, H. Beaven, William Beaven, R. Harvey.  The Photo shows Christ Church Cathedral in the background.


Another tour of the British Isles by Canadian team, captained by W.G. Beers, and Indian team captained by Big John (Scattered Branches).

 

By arrangement with Dominion Government, tour members acted as "emigration agents" to attract settlers to Canadian West, and over 500,000 special copies of "Canadian Illustrated News" were distributed at matches, together with 150,000 sundry other publications on Canada


1884

The Calgary Lacrosse Club was organized in 1884 with Captain Boynton serving as the club's first president. The club's membership swelled to thirty, with games among the club members being held periodically on weekends and, on several occasions, competitions took place between the citizens and the police.

 

After lagging interest, the Calgary Lacrosse Club was re-organized in 1887 when Mr. Boag, a teacher who was to be elected as the club's president, organized a lacrosse meeting at the school house. The Calgary Lacrosse Club operated in a local manner for several years.

 

1885 

 

Photo 

"Young Canadians"  of Richmond Hill

1886
Despite the 1883 picture cited above, most sources suggest that the  first recorded game in British Columbia was played at Beacon Hill Park in Victoria between teams from Victoria and Vancouver

 

1886
The New York Times reports that an Irish team are to meet crack players of the US and Canada and that  "Great care has been shown in the selection of the Irish lacrosse team now on the Etruria, and expected here this morning. It is composed of the most prominent players of the principal clubs in Ireland. " 

The story is can be found here. (pdf)  

1887 

 

Photograph
Irish Lacrosse Team, Montreal, QC, 1887
Wm. Notman & Son

 

Photograph
Victoria Lacrosse Club, Montreal, QC, 1887
Wm. Notman & Son
1887
The Toronto Lacrosse Club breaks away from the National Amateur Lacrosse Union leading to the formation of the Canadian Lacrosse Association.

 


Canadian Lacrosse Championship (J. Allan Lowe Cup) held between C.L.A. (Wesstern Ontario) and N.A.L.A. (Eastern Ontario and Quebec)

1888

N.A.L.A. introduced a very important rule change:

fixed time limit for lacrosse matches replaced previous "best 3 out of 5" games format.

(note: 1 goal = 1 game in the old rules)



The first lacrosse tournament was held in Kamloops with Victoria beating Vancouver in the final game.
1889

National Amateur Lacrosse Union formed by 5 senior teams from Montreal, Toronto, Cornwall and Ontario.

N.A.L.A now controlled only junior clubs


~ 1884 

1890

 St Leonards claims to be the first girls' school to have played lacrosse.

Records give details of the House matches played during the Spring Term 1890. 

The hour long games featured teams of eight. 

 

An earlier letter, from the schools first Headmistress, Miss Louisa Lumsden, (later to become Dame Louisa)  home from White Mountains, New Hampshire that is dated September 6th 1884 tells of her visit to watch the  Caughnawaga Indians , play lacrosse against the Montreal Club.  In it she  notes: "It is a wonderful game, beautiful and graceful. (I was so charmed with it that I introduced it at St Leonards)".

 History of Lacrosse at St Leonards Scotland 

1890

British Columbia Amateur Lacrosse Association

incorporated on March 22, 1890 with three teams:

Victoria, Vancouver and New Westminster 

Constitution and Rules  British Columbia Amateur Lacrosse Association

adopted March 22nd, 1890, revise April 8th 1899


New Westminster Salmonbellies Lacrosse Club Formed

 

During the 1890 season, Johns Hopkins did away with the traditional long passes from defense to offense, opting instead for short passes and a greater emphasis on running while in possession of the ball.

 


First recorded lacrosse game in Maritimes; probably played at Saint John, N.B.

1891
Literally days before Dr. James A. Naismith invented basketball in 1891, he tried out different sports in the Springfield College gymnasium including an attempt to play lacrosse indoors

 

~ 1890s
Nass River, O.M.S. Kincolith Lacrosse Team

A photo showing an early Indian team can be found in the BC Archives  here  

1896
Western Canada Lacrosse Association Formed, for Prairie provinces

1898
Johns Hopkins began changing their sticks to make them more position-specific: attackmen were given shorter sticks with small nets, defenders were given long sticks significantly lightened to improve speed and accuracy, and goalies were given sticks with very large nets.

 

1892
The sport became quite popular in Bristol, Cheshire, Lancashire, London, Manchester  , and Yorkshire, and the English Lacrosse Union was organized in 1892.

 

1900 

 

Photograph
Lacrosse Club, Montreal, QC, about 1900


Important lacrosse rules changes:

  • goal nets introduced
  • "baggy" stick to permit easier catching and carrying of the ball

1901

Lord Minto, the Governor General of Canada, donated a silver cup to become the symbol of the championship of Canada for amateur teams.  Within three years the cup became symbolic of professional Champions of Canada. 

 

The Minto Cup, today the symbol of supremacy in the Junior ranks, remains one of the proudest prizes of Lacrosse.

 

The Duke and Duchess of York (later King George V and Queen Mary) were present at the first game played for the Minto Cup between the Capitals of Ottawa and Cornwall in 1901

(winners Ottawa Capitals)

 


Ottawa Capitals defeated New York Crescents at Pan-American Exhibition in Buffalo to win North American Championship

1903
Kamloops Star Lacrosse Team

Kamloops Star lacrosse team (photo in British Columbia Archives)  

 

 1904

Lacrosse was an Olympic sport  in St. Louis (Canada, England, USA were the only participants)

Photo 

Shamrock Lacrosse Club, 1904. (with the Minto Cup)

The Champions of the World.
[Centre: Thos. O'Connell. Inside group: J. Currie, P.F. Brennan, J. Kavanagh, H. Hoobin. Outside group: E. Robinson, J. Howard, W. Hennessey, P. O'Reilley, J. Brennan, Jos. Valois, J. McIlwaine, M. Kenny, J. Hogan, H. Smith.]

 

Photo

Shamrock Lacrosse Team  

 


 A photo in the British Columbia Archives shows a 1904 Kamloops youth lacrosse team  

1907
Australia's first international lacrosse match against Canada was played at the famous Melbourne Cricket Grounds (MCG)  before a crowd of 30,000

 


Alberta Lacrosse Association formed

1908

Lacrosse was an Olympic sport in 1904 in London (Canada, England were the only participants).  This was the first truly representative Canadian Lacrosse team.

  • Canada takes the Gold medal 

 



University of Toronto lacrosse team won Intercollegiate Championship of North America (thos team on the same title in 1910)

 

New Westminster  wins its first Minto Cup (then given to the top senior team in Canada)

Photo of the New Westminster Salmonbellies "Champions of the World" is available on the BC Archives here  

1910

The Mann Cup, donated by Sir Donald Mann, chief architect of the Canadian Northern Railway, donated a gold cup (valued at $2,500) to be awarded,  as a challenge trophy for the Canadian amateur senior champion team. The first winners were Young Toronto Club.

 

 

In 1910, Glenn "Pop" Warner, Athletic Director at the Carlisle Indian School,  (and now famous for the "Pop Warner Youth Football program) replaced baseball with lacrosse as the school's Spring sport because of the "evils of professional baseball" and the fact that many Carlisle Indian School students had been lured away from school into "temptations and bad company by professional baseball offers."  He is also quoted as saying "Lacrosse is a developer of health and strength. It is a game that spectators rave over once the understand it."  The famed US Olympic hero  James Thorpe played lacrosse at the School.

 

 

 

Photograph
Squamish Lacrosse Team 1910-1930, 20th century

 

 

Oxford University Lacrosse Team

ca. 1910 - 1911 / Oxford, England Canadians:

First row: Laurent Beaudry (right)

Second row: A. Yates (second from left), Gustave Lanctot (right), F.E. Hawkins (second from right).

Third row: S. Johnson, E.A. Munro, H.T. Logan (left to right)

1911
Vancouver Athletic Club wins the first of 4 consecutive Mann Cup Championships

 The Vancouver Lacrosse Club

Front row: M. Barr, N. Carter, A. Adamson, B. Fitzgerald, E. Lalonde, D. Phelan, S. Nichols, S. Sumner, B. Allen. Back row: H. Cowan, H. Woodman, B. West, G. Matheson, F. Ion, H. Godfrey, C. Jones, H. Pickering, H. Griffith, B. Clark, P. Muldoon, L. Yorke.


National Professional Lacrosse Union Formed

1912 

 

Photograph
North Shore Lacrosse Team About 1912, 20th century

 

The PCALA grew to four teams with the addition of Vancouver Fairview  

 


Canadian Amateur Lacrosse Association formed, as part of Amateur Athletic Union of Canada


Dominion Lacrosse Association (professional union) formed

1913
High School Lacrosse in New Westminster

 John Robson High School (New Westminster) youth lacrosse team photo on the BC Archives here

 

Girls lacrosse teams at St. Leonards have expanded to 12 a side by this time 

 

1915
New Westminster Salmonbellies win the first of 3 consecutive Mann Cup Championships (after a two year break they would win another 6 in a row from 1920-1925 and then win once more in 1927 before going on a decade long drought)

 

1925

C.A.L.A re-formed as central controlling body to re-introduce unified rules and national championships, in effort to revive amateur lacrosse.

The Canadian Lacrosse Association ( l'Association canadienne de crosse), founded in  1925 is the governing body of lacrosse in Canada

 


Mann Cup series became regular national amateur competition, alternating between east and west each year.

1926
Rosabelle Sinclair reestablishes women's lacrosse in the United States when she starts a team at the Bryn Mawr School in Baltimore.

 

1928

Lacrosse was a demonstration sport at the Olympics in 1928 in Amsterdam.  The New Westminster Salmonbellies field lacrosse club represented Canada with the  result being a three-way, one win-one loss tie with each of the three competing teams having scored 12 goals. The U.S. suggested a three-way playoff to decide a single victor; Canada agreed but England refused. The Olympic committee then declared all three teams gold medal winners.

 

The  Salmonbellies Olympic  team toured Holland, France, Germany, Belgium, England, Scotland and the Eastern United States  

(from Down Memory Lane  Article - 1928 Olympic Gold by Stan Shillington  available on the BCLA web site here

 

Profile on Ab Brown, member of the  New Westminster Salmonbellies

1930 

North Shore Athletics Lacrosse team

Photograph
About 1930, 20th century
Gift of Squamish Indian Band Office

 

Photograph Lacrosse team with trophy
1930-1950, 20th century
Gift of Squamish Band Office


Joseph Lacky Trophy, emblematic of North American Amateur field lacrosse championship, presented first time: won by Oshawa, Ontario team.


First box lacrosse ("boxla") league formed with 2 Ontario and 2 Montreal clubs

1931
Although its origins are somewhat shrouded, Box Lacrosse was first played about this time.  Some maintain that the game just naturally evolved around 1929 0r 1930 in Ontario when some lacrosse players in Ontario noticed hockey rinks sitting empty in the summer an moved in just to shoot the ball around.  However according to Cleeve Dheenshaw  (Lacrosse 100: One Hundred Years of Lacrosse in B.C. 1990. Victoria: Orca Book Publishers)  some sources give the credit to a British Columbian, Jim McConaghy:

 

"...[Jim McConaghy] apparently read a newspaper account of lacrosse being played in Australia with just seven men a side instead of the twelve men used in Canada, and that the Australians were playing the game in an enclosed indoor box instead of outdoors.  Strangely enough, the story turned out to have no shred of truth in it whatsoever, but some old-timers insist it gave McConaghy the idea to go to the Canadian Amateur Lacrosse Association in 1931 with the idea for box lacrosse,

 

The first box lacrosse games in BC were played at the PNE (in the old Horse Show Building) and at Queens Park Arena.

 


C.A.L.A adopted box lacrosse as its official game

1932

Lacrosse was a demonstration sport at the Olympics in 1932 (Los Angeles). 

 


The NY Times, in its May 10th edition, reports under the title "The Gentle Pastime of Box Lacrosse" that a game will be played at the Gardens between Newsy Lalonde's  professional champions, the Canadians of Montreal and the Maple Leafs of Toronto.



80,000  people watched a lacrosse match between Johns Hopkins University and Canada
~ 1930's

Promoters in Canada married the two most popular games, Lacrosse and Hockey, and created Indoor Lacrosse, also known as Box Lacrosse or Boxla.  By the mid 30's the field game had been almost completely replaced by Boxla and the box version became the official sport of the Canadian Lacrosse Association.

 

1933
Interest in the final game of the Mann Cup championship was so high that the final game (won by the eastern champion Hamilton Tigers) had to be moved by the Host New Westminster Salmonbellies to the Denman Arena of Frank Patrick where 11,000 fans took in the boxla match.  The display of talent in this series is said to have cemented the position of Box Lacrosse in British Columbia.

 


Leo Nicholson made first radio broadcasts of box lacrosse in Vancouver

1936 

North Shore Aboriginals lacrosse team 

Photograph
North Shore Aboriginals lacrosse team 1936, 20th century

1937
Robert Pool introduces the first double-walled wooden stick, an early prototype for today's plastic sticks.

 

 

 

Pamphlet
Official Box-LaProgram -  Inter City League Hastings Park Vancouver
20 July 1937, 20th century


Minto Cup placed in junior competition

1939
Box Lacrosse professional International League formed, with teams from Vancouver, New Westminster, Seattle plus an Indian team.

1947
The men's field game positions change from goalkeeper, point, cover point, first defense, second defense, center, second attack, first attack and in home to goal keeper, attack, midfield and defense.

 

1948
Lacrosse was a demonstration sport at the Olympics in 1948 (London). Only England and the United States participated.

 

1957
Ontario Minor Lacrosse Association formed, to develp and administer age categories

1960

Development of Minor Lacrosse

 

1961 

The only shutout in the history of  Mann Cup play -- Don Hamilton's blanking of Brampton 13-0 on September 23, 1961

 

 

1967

First International Lacrosse Foundation (ILF) sanctioned World Cup  held in Toronto

  • won by USA
  • Canada placed third 

 

 

The Canadian Lacrosse Hall of Fame was the brain child of Tom Gordon.  He was ably supported by Jack Fulton, Harry McKnight, Art Daoust, and Bill Ellison. 

 

It was first proposed in 1963 at a Canadian Lacrosse Association Annual Meeting, and adopted at the next CLA AGM. It was registered with the BC Societies Act in 1965.  At the CLA AGM in Montreal on January 19, 1966, forty-eight first members were inducted to the Hall. 

 

As a result of continued effort by Jack Fulton, supported by Harry McKnight and Don Benson, the official opening of the Hall as part of New Westminster Parks Board, took place on May 17, 1967.

 

1968
Professional lacrosse league formed with 8 teams

  1969

First National PeeWee Tournament

 


For the first time, organized lacrosse leagues in all provinces and both territories


Oshawa, Ontarion, team won Minto Cup for record seventh consecutive year

 

1974

Second ILF sanctioned World Cup held in Melbourne Australia

  • Canada  tied second (with Australia and England)

 

1974
Eagle Professional Box Lacrosse League Formed

 

1977
First official Canaian Girl's Lacrosse Championship held in Toronto

1978

Box Lacrosse was the demonstration sport at the Commonwealth Games held in Edmonton with Canada, England, Australia, and New Zealand participating.

 


Third ILF Sanctioned World Cup Held in Manchester, England

Canada placed first

1980

First World Box Lacrosse Championship - 'Nations in 80 held in Vancouver

  • Canada West (Coquitlam Adanacs) placed first

 

1982

Fourth ILF sanctioned World Cup held in Baltimore, Maryland

  • Canada placed third

 


First Senior Women's World Cup held in Nottingham, England

Canada placed third

1984

Field Lacrosse was the demonstration sport in the Olympic Games held in Los Angeles

Major Indoor Lacrosse League formed in eastern USA

 

1986

Fifth ILF sanctioned World Cup held in Toronto

  • Canada placed second

 


Second Senior Women's World Cup held in Philadelphia, USA

  • Canada placed fourth

1988

First International Junior Men's World Cup held in Adelaide, Australia

  • Canada placed second

 

1989

Third Senior Women's World Cup held in Edinburgh, Scotland

  • Canada placed fourth

 

1990

Sixth ILF Sanctioned World Cup held in Perth, Australia

  • Canada placed second

 

1992

Second International Junior Men's World Cup held in New York

National Lacrosse League (NLL) four team circuit formed in Ontario

 

1993

Fourth Senior Women's World Cup held in Edinburgh, Scotland

  • Canada placed fourth

 

1994 

  Parliaments proclaims Lacrosse Canada's National Summer Sport (Bill C-212)

 


Field Lacrosse was the demonstration sport at the Commonwealth Games (held in Victoria)

 

 


Seventh ILF Sanctioned World Cup held in Manchester, England

  • Canada placed third 

 

1995

Fifth Senior Women's World Cup  held in Haverford, USA

  • Canada placed fourth

 

1996

Third Junior Men's World Cup held in Tokyo, Japan

  • Canada placed third

 

1998

ILF sanctioned World Cup held in Baltimore, Maryland

  • Canada placed second (losing by one goal in overtime)

 

2001
The IFWLA World Cup is played in High Wycombe, England where the U.S. defeated Australia for the cup

 

2002
The International Lacrosse Federation World Championship is played in Perth, Australia. The U.S. defeats Canada for the championship.

 

2003

The ILF and IFWLA U-19 World Championships are held in Towson, Maryland

 


The World Indoor Lacrosse Championship  was contested by six nations at four sites in Ontario, Canada.

 

Canada won the championship in a final game against the Iroqouis, 21-4.

2005
The IFWLA World Cup is played in Annapolis, Maryland (U.S.) and won by Australia, which defeated the U.S. 14-7 in the gold medal game.

 

2006
The International Lacrosse Federation World Championship is played in London, Ontario (Canada). Canada  wins the title with a 15-10 victory over the U.S. in the gold medal game, snapping the American men's 38-game winning streak, dating back to 1978.

 

2007

The 2007 WILC was held in Halifax, Canada.  Teams from Australia, Canada, the Czech Republic, England, Ireland, Iroquois Nationals, Scotland and the United States competed.

  • The Canadian team beat the Iroquois Nationals, 15-14 in overtime for the championship

 

 

 


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